How to: Audio and Arduino

How to Playback, Create and Manipulate Audio with Arduino


  • Processing with Minim library: File -> Examples -> Libraries -> Minim -> RecordAudioInput


Generating (synthesizing) music

Generating (synthesizing) speech

  • Emic 2 text-to-speech module

Miscellaneous information

  • RCArduino blog with lots of Arduino Audio work
  • Massive library of waveform samples

Recording on laptop and playing back through Processing when button on Arduino is pressed

Record a file on your laptop using Processing and the Minim library: File -> Examples -> Libraries -> Minim -> RecordAudioInput

Arduino circuit schematic:

SPST_schemSPST_bbArduino sketch:

 Reads a digital input on pin 2, prints the result to the serial monitor 
 This example code is in the public domain.

// digital pin 2 has a pushbutton attached to it. Give it a name:
int pushButton = 2;

// the setup routine runs once when you press reset:
void setup() {
 // initialize serial communication at 9600 bits per second:
 // make the pushbutton's pin an input:
 pinMode(pushButton, INPUT);

// the loop routine runs over and over again forever:
void loop() {
 // read the input pin:
 int buttonState = digitalRead(pushButton);
 // print out the state of the button:
 delay(1); // delay in between reads for stability

Processing sketch:

 * This sketch demonstrates how to play a file using the Minim  
 * AudioPlayer object.
 * For more information about Minim and additional features, 
 * visit

import ddf.minim.*;
import processing.serial.*;

Minim minim;
AudioPlayer player; 
Serial myPort; // The serial port

void setup()
 // List all the available serial ports
 // I know that the first port in the serial list on my mac
 // is always my Arduino, so I open Serial.list()[0].
 // Open whatever port is the one you're using.
 myPort = new Serial(this, Serial.list()[0], 9600);
 // don't generate a serialEvent() unless you get a newline character:
 // we pass this to Minim so that it can load files from the data 
 // directory
 minim = new Minim(this);
 // loadFile will look in all the same places as loadImage does.
 // this means you can find files that are in the data folder and the 
 // sketch folder. you can also pass an absolute path, or a URL e.g. 

 player = minim.loadFile("marcus_kellis_theme.mp3");

void draw () {
 // everything happens in the serialEvent()

void serialEvent (Serial myPort) {
 // get the ASCII string:
 String inString = myPort.readStringUntil('\n');
 if (inString != null) {
 // trim off any whitespace:
 inString = trim(inString);

 // convert to an int and map to the screen height:
 float inByte = float(inString); 
 if( inByte == 1 )
 // Rewind the file file in case it's not at the begining
 // play the file from start to finish. 
 // To play again, first call player.rewind();
 // To play for a shorter time, use play(millis).;

More information on the capabilities of the AudioPlayer object in the Minim library.

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